Trieste Secession (Liberty)

13. Via Sant’Anastasio 20

Giulio Stalker, 1905

This building has a restrained façade decoration and an attractive entrance door.




14. Casa Gallacchi

Via Cecilia de Rittmeyer 7

This building has attractive relief ornaments between the upper-storey windows and unusual volutes above the ground-floor openings. 




15. Casa Mimbelli

Via Cecilia de Rittmeyer 15
O. Bonetto, 1905-1906

This façade has an abundance of plastic details. The geometric decorations flanking the central window on the third floor are slightly reminiscent of the G-clef. 



16. Triest Staatsbahnhof 

Via Giulio Cesare 1
Robert Seelig, 1901-1906

The first railway station built on this site was the Trieste Sant’Andrea Station, which opened in 1887. It was a terminus of the Trieste-Erpelle Railway. From here it was possible to reach Rovigno and Pola and later also Parenzo in Istria. With the opening of the Transalpina Railway in 1906, the station was rebuilt and renamed as Triest Staatsbahnhof.

After World War I, the station got the name of Trieste Campo Marzio, but its importance gradually diminished. The Parenzo line was closed in 1935, the service of the Transalpina line ended in 1945, and in 1959, the Erpelle line was shut down as well. The station now hosts a railway museum. Its façade looks austere, but has some floral decorations.





17. Casa Bartoli

Piazza della Borsa 7
Max Fabiani, 1905-1906

This is one of the most famous Secessionist buildings in Trieste. Here as well as in his other buildings in Trieste, Fabiani followed the rational style of Otto Wagner. The lower part, dedicated to business, has space arrangement and large windows characteristic of department stores. On the storey with the veranda operated Restaurant Goldberger, a kosher café-restaurant for observant Jews. Further up are apartments. On the upper two floors of the façade we can admire leaf cascade ornamentation. This ornamentation is said to have been imposed on Fabiani to beautify the building which, otherwise, would have looked too avant-garde. Fabiani had originally only designed the grating that adorns the floors below. There are elegant balconies in front of the windows.




18. Casa de Stabile

Riva Grumula 4 / Via Belpoggio 1
Max Fabiani, 1906

This building has a terrace-like roof, a bay window at the corner, and rustication reaching up to different heights. Above the windows of the second and third floors there are stucco decorations with leaves. The drainpipes going down from the roof were designed as decorative elements (typical in the work of Max Fabiani). The building is named after Ernesto de Stabile, whose home was located on the top floor. On the ground floor there was a Vienna-style café.



19. Casa Terni-Smolars

Via Dante Alighieri 6-8 / Via San Nicolò 34-36 / Via Giuseppe Mazzini 33
Romeo Depaoli, 1906

This is probably the most outstanding Liberty-style building in Trieste. It consists of three parts. The central part stands a bit behind the lateral wings. The façade shows superabundant plastic richness and has a chiaroschuro effect with a big variation of horizontals and verticals and receding and protruding elements. In the design of the ground floor, the architect was inspired by the works of Max Fabiani. There are sophisticated angular balconies at the corners. Another striking element is the round window flanked by two female sculptures above the main entrance (made by Romeo Rathmann).

Constructed for Augusto Terni, the building was later called Casa Smolars, because of the a stationery shop owned by Costanza Carniel Smolars at the corner of Via Giuseppe Mazzini and Via Dante Alighieri.







20. Casa dei Mascheroni

Via Tigor 12
Giovanni Maria Mosco, 1906

This building has a façade adorned with mascarons. There are several sculptures around in other parts of the building, such as statues representing the seasons in the entrance gallery and a sculpture group representing two children and Saint Anthony in the garden.





21. Via Guido Brunner 4


This façade has plastic decorations and colourful ceramic tiles around the fifth-floor windows. The wooden entrance doors have floral motifs. 




22. Via Giuseppe Lorenzo Gatteri 7

This façade is very similar to the one on Via Brunner 4. The two buildings are located behind Palazzo Viviani-Giberti on the same block.




23. Palazzo Viviani-Giberti

Viale XX Settembre 35 / Via Giuseppe Lorenzo Gatteri 5
Giuseppe Sommaruga, 1906-1907

This building was designed by Giuseppe Sommaruga, a well-known Art Nouveau architect from Milan, for Cesare Viviani and Arturo Giberti, members of the Viviani & Giberti construction company. Opened on Christmas Day in 1907, it originally hosted an amateur drama theatre. One of the first cinemas in Trieste, Cinema Eden, also operated here. Today the building hosts Cinema Ambasciatori.


The female statues located at the entrance were made by Romeo Rathmann and the putti above it are the work of Romeo Depaoli. The female statues were baptised by the Triestines with the names Gigogin and Barbara, probably after two prostitutes of a brothel located nearby.


24. Casa Valdoni / Casa del Fauno

Via Commerciale 25
Giorgio Zaninovich, 1907

This building, constructed for surgeon Pietro Valdoni, is also called the House of the Faun, because of a statue in the sculpture group on its façade. Its decoration is elaborate in other parts as well. The lateral wings have balconies with heavy stone balustrades and rich ornamentation. The lower parts are elegantly rusticated. Two big pairs of consoles support the central balcony above which there are three small arched windows. Only the long and narrow windows higher up are unadorned.








25. Casa Zaninovich

Via Commerciale 23
Giorgio Zaninovich, 1907

This building, located next to Casa Valdoni, was also designed by Giorgio Zaninovich. It has an attractive façade of Wagnerian inspiration. Most decorative elements can be seen in the upper parts of the façade. The main entrance of the building is among the most attractive in Trieste.







26. Via Commerciale 27


This structure belongs to a cluster of Art Nouveau buildings near the beginning of Via Commerciale. There are stucco and relief ornaments in the upper part of its façades.