Art Deco & Bauhaus in Budapest

18. Apartment building on Pannónia utca 19

Frigyes Spiegel & Endre Kovács, 1928-1929

The façade of this building is dominated by the geometric ornamentation on the bay windows and above the portal.



19. Villa on Diószegi út 54/a

Bertalan Árkay, 1928-1929

This is one of the most sophisticated Art Deco villas in Budapest. The narrow balcony door belonging to a mezzanine apartment and its zigzag railing are very stylish.


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20. Apartment building of the National Alcohol Trading Company

Október 6 utca 21 / Arany János utca 22, Lipótváros
Béla Tauszig & Zsigmond Róth, 1929

Such grotesque geometric forms are outstanding.


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21. Phönix House

Pannónia utca 16-20 / Raoul Wallenberg utca 2-4 / Tátra utca 9-13 / Katona József utca 25-27, Újlipótváros
Dávid & Zsigmond Jónás, 1929

The corners of this massive building are emphasised by bastion-like blocks. The ornamentation of the main entrances surrounds allusions to the owners: the Phönix Life Insurance Company and the Turul Hungarian Insurance Company. The building also has – an unusual feature for Újlipótváros – a central courtyard with a garden and a fountain.



22. Dandár Thermal Bath

Dandár utca 5-7, Ferencváros
Kálmán Maróthy & Gyula Rimanóczy, 1929-1930

The architecture of this building is reminiscent of Dutch Brick Expressionism. Its protruding central part is enhanced by brick pilasters with geometric finials.



23. Meinhardt Villa

Borbolya utca 4, Rózsadomb
Dezső Jakab & Aladár Sós, 1929-1930

This is another example of the Baroque inspiration in Art Deco. Notable is the chimney of the fireplace of the living room which forms a decorative volute. The yellow and mauve of the façade was rather unique among the similar buildings in the epoch.



24. Apartment building on Tátra utca 20/a

Antal Gyárfás & István Erdély, 1929-1930

The central bay window of this building has artificial stone stripes decorated with Art Deco motifs. The ironwork of the entrance gate is noteworthy as well.


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25. Apartment building on Futó utca 3

Aladár Halász, 1929-1930

This asymmetric building with ribbed stucco, emphasised sills and applique ornaments, and zigzag railings of the balconies is Art Deco.



26. Experimental housing estate on Napraforgó utca 1-22

Different architects, 1931

The housing estate of the Sunflower Street is one of the most outstanding Bauhaus constructions in Budapest. The whole street was designed by different architects in the same style, following the example of the Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart. There are 16 one-family and 3 two-family houses.

This house, located on Napraforgó utca 2, is by Gyula Wälder.


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The house on Napraforgó utca 6 is by Lajos Kozma.

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This clinker-brick house, located on Napraforgó utca 9, next to the central square of the estate, is by Károly Róbert Kertész.

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This house, located on Napraforgó utca 17, is by Alfréd Hajós.

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27. Hunnia Court, Tátra Court, and Pannónia Court

Szabolcska Mihály utca 3-7, Szentimreváros
István Sailer, 1930-1932

Tátra Court is rather simple whereas its neighbours are more ornamented. The sgraffito wall decor of the Hunnia Court depicts a battle and conquest of the Huns. The image above the entrance to the Pannónia Court shows Emperor Claudius, who conquered and established the province of Pannonia.


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28. Bertalan Court

Bartók Béla út 30 / Bertalan Lajos utca 21, Lágymányos
Lajos Baráth Martonosi, 1931-1932

Emphasised stripes, round-shaped corner balconies and the slightly protruding section towards Bertalan utca show the influence of the architects of Streamline Moderne, such as Erich Mendelsohn.


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29. Transformer station

Markó utca 9, Lipótváros
Dénes Györgyi & Ernő Román, 1932

The façade of this building is decorated on all sides with wedge-shaped projections, a feature borrowed from German Brick Expressionism. The wooden relief above the entrance symbolises electricity. Above it is the coat of arms of Budapest.


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30. Residential building of Budapest Electric Works

Honvéd utca 24 / Markó utca 11, Lipótváros
Dénes Györgyi & Ernő Román, 1932

This building has prominent corner towers and sculptures guarding the entrance on the façade of Markó utca.


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31. Villa on Lotz Károly utca 6


This Bauhaus-style building is located in Pasarét, next to a more famous structure by Farkas Molnár.



32. Heart of Jesus Church

Csaba utca 5, Városmajor
Bertalan Árkay, 1932-1933

This reinforced concrete church with a separate bell tower was the first Modernist church in Budapest. It was welcomed by the architectural community but not by the religious who called it the ‘garage of God’.


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33. Saint Anthony of Padua Franciscan Church and Friary

Pasaréti út 137, Pasarét
Gyula Rimanóczy, 1931-1934

This is one of the most famous Modernist churches of Budapest and probably the most elegant of them. Italian influence is clearly visible here.


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34. Szakáts Villa

Pasaréti út 97, Pasarét
Gyula Rimanóczy, 1934

This villa has a curved balcony and a living room connected to the garden.